Like icy wind is teasing the bright sun… and people are not able to enjoy that lukewarm sun even after wanting it. In the same way, some circumstances are also present in the election hall of Delhi. The candidates of the different parties have become like this sun and wind. That is why people are making people busy doing various kinds of campaigning. But Delhi has also seen a period when high tech used to be away from electoral mode on bullock carts. The candidates roamed the streets. Electoral slogans echoed on the loudspeaker behind the rickshaw. Now, EVMs are strangled after defeat and victory, but the ballot box itself was decided. It was the maturity of Delhiites that for the first time, nota was also used here.
a story in English: There was a time when bullock carts and horns used
No less difficult
According to the documents available in the Delhi Archives Department, preparations for the first election of Delhi were very difficult. The reason was the high number of displaced here. There were a large number of people living in temporary huts and tents, tents etc. in various areas of Delhi. There were many families who registered to live in huts etc. but then went elsewhere in search of livelihood. In such a situation, his enrollment at his new address was very difficult at that time because he did not have enough documents.
However, despite all these difficulties, the election was done in a comfortable manner. Now people feel pain in going to the nearest polling station but then the DTC was given the responsibility to run additional buses so that such people who have gone from one place to another can come to their address and conduct their polling. People did this without any effort.
Ballot box for the first time
Now we are constantly moving forward with the high-tech electoral process, but when Delhi voted from the ballot box for the first time, that too was a wonder. Senior leader Subhash Arya says that there were many things about it among people. How did so many people vote in a small box? The Election Officers had given considerable training to the voters. Mock elections were also held.
More information about the ballot box made in the first election is visible in the museum located in the office of the Chief Election Office Officer at Kashmiri Gate. In which the history of the Ballet Box is shown. An official said that the ballot boxes used in the election of 1951- 52 have also been kept here. Initially these boxes were relatively small. But their size increased from election to election. The large ballot box used in the 1977 election is also displayed here.
Candidate’s name in three languages
In Delhi, you see three languages in the sign board everywhere, not Urdu, Hindi and English… Similarly, in those days, on the ballot paper, the names of the candidates were written in big letters in the same three languages. The election symbol of the party concerned was printed on the shore. This was patted on The voter had to stamp before the person who had to vote. Ballet paper of Madipur and Hastasal are also displayed in the museum.
House to house promotion
Subhash Arya says that at that time there was not so much population. There was no such frills. The election was conducted in simplicity. The candidates used to go out at home in the morning after doing havan, puja etc. At the time of nomination, the candidate was a proponent of Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian. This showed unity. When the candidates went out for publicity, the drum was played to get the attention of the people. A person walked forward playing the dholak and the candidate passed his ten steps back with his supporters.
Hearing the sound of dholak, the people of the village and countryside would come out of their homes. The farmers who were working in the fields would come and then there would be a small gathering. There was a time when the candidates used to go home. Used to talk to voters. But now the candidates only pass through the main lane of the colony. Now, telephone, digital connectivity can be more. An interesting story Subhash Arya says that in the election of 1958 we had got an iron horn. It was actually a folded iron. Which was cut from the back. Because of this, the voice used to resonate when speaking. People were gathered by speaking from this.
Brahm Prakash also on bullock cart
At the same time, historian RV Smith says that in the old days, the month of elections used to be passed by the fair. There was not much noise, the population was far away. Except Old Delhi, there was a crowd in areas like Defense Colony, Lajpat Nagar, Karol Bagh. Leaders like Brahmaprakash also campaigned with bullock carts. In those days, leaders used to sit with their supporters on bullock carts. The journey started in the morning, there was preaching throughout the day. Chana used to take along with it and used to keep on drinking water while drinking gram. At the time of election, there used to be a fair atmosphere. One leader after another. First ask the situation and then campaign your election. Whereas in Old Delhi, there was more emphasis on meetings. Meetings also often started from dusk to night. It was also called Jalsa. It was a wonderful sight. The leaders of various parties used to do Jalsa at a distance and people used to listen carefully and decide who to vote for.